The Industrial Revolution(s) might have begun in Britain, but the changes they wrought soon spread beyond the British Isles. Let’s take a look at how industrialism spreads and influences the economies and societies of the following locations:
Surprise! The Belgians were the second Europeans to industrialize after Great Britain. Read the article, “Industrial History: Belgium,” and answer the associated questions in your packet.
2. The United States
You’d think that being a former British colony, the United States might be the on the cutting edge of industrialization, too. But no. It turns out that having a revolution kind of slows down the industrial process. Also, massive amounts of slavery. Please read the article entitled, “Economic Growth and the Early Industrial Revolution” and use the information to answer the questions in your packet.
3. Germany (Well. Fake Germany until 1871. Then it’s real Germany.)
Oh, let’s be sensible about this. After all, we’re talking about Germany, and it’s a place well-known for its appreciation of efficiency. You already know what I’m going to tell you to do: I want you to read the article, “Industrial History: Germany,” and answer the questions you’ll find in your packet.
If having a revolution was problematic for the Americans in terms of their industrialization, imagine what the French Revolution must have done. Then again, there is that rivalry with Britain to consider, as well as all those rationalistic, scientific French Enlightenment thinkers… So do the French industrialize quickly or not? Read the article “Industrial History: France,” and answer the questions you’ll find in your packet.
This may be the most surprising of all of the industrialized nations, given Japan’s long history of isolation beginning with the Tokugawa Shogunate. However, European and American imperialism forced Japan to reopen itself to the west in the late 1850s, meaning that Japan quickly adapted to the new industrial practices and technologies brought to its shores by American and European traders. Please read the article, “The Meiji Era and the Modernization of Japan,” and use the information therein to answer the questions in your packet.
Not very exciting this time, I know. But the next task– ah.
Let’s make this complicated, shall we? Move on to Task Seven: Reforming the Revolution(s).